What Makes an Activity “Extreme”?


What makes an activity “extreme”? Extreme sports are high-risk activities involving speed, height, and physical exertion. They often require special equipment or gear and can be dangerous. There are many types of extreme sports, and the term “extreme sport” can be used to describe both extreme sports and extreme tourism. Here’s a brief rundown of some of them. Optimism vs. Optimism

High risk

Many high-risk extreme sports involve dangerous activities, including bungee jumping, skydiving, and ultramarathon running. While the risks involved are generally minor, serious injuries are possible. The risks of participation in high-risk sports should be discussed with a qualified professional before beginning. For instance, a dismounted rider may suffer broken bones, gore, and facial injuries. BASE jumping is a popular extreme sport in the United States, but it is not a safe activity for the general public.

In addition to physical risks, high-risk sports foster a sense of community. This sense of belonging and brotherhood may result from participating in such activities. Moreover, these activities often require interdependence on other participants. This mutual dependence on others can lead to an extremely strong social bond. In fact, a study by Fruhauf et al. (2017) showed that the participants of high-risk extreme sports share several personality traits.

High speed

There are a number of high-speed extreme sports. Among them are BMX, Drag Racing, Big Air Snowboarding, and skateboarding. Some of them may be practiced indoors or outdoors, while others take place on specially designed ramps. All these activities require highly specialized equipment. There is a common dress code for extreme sports enthusiasts, and many of them may also be regarded as lifestyle sports. Below is a list of the most popular extreme sports, along with a brief description of their rules and equipment.

The definition of extreme sports is not consistent, and researchers and writers of literature reviews tend to develop their own criteria. The aim of this review is to determine where a particular sport sits on the continuum. For example, in table 1, researchers identify categories of risk, and they list elements of sport definitions. However, these definitions are not systematic and therefore do not examine hypotheses. Nevertheless, the authors’ work illustrates the ambiguity in the definition of the term “extreme sport.”

High mortality

In the definition of extreme sports, the term high risk includes both the physical risk and the risk of mortality. This term is often used interchangeably with the more general terms “extreme sports,” “whiz,” and “post-industrial.” Other names for extreme sports include Whiz, adventure, action, lifestyle, individualism, and postmodern sports. While the term is confusing, extreme sports are generally associated with high risk. Nonetheless, the high mortality rate is often cited as evidence that extreme sports are associated with a greater risk.

The risks associated with extreme sports are often disproportionately high when compared to conventional recreational activities. According to Breivik et al., scuba divers have a higher risk of hip dislocation than non-extreme sports athletes. Males from 10 to 19 years old account for the majority of participants in extreme sports, and 43 percent have suffered significant injuries. Near misses are also common. Between 2000 and 2011, more than 4 million people sustained injuries in extreme sports.


Optimism has been linked with positive mental attitude, and athletes who are optimistic show higher levels of performance. However, their optimism levels do not differ much from those of pessimists. Optimists, especially those among female athletes, apply more healthy behaviors. This suggests that a strong mental attitude may be important for athletes to achieve peak performance. Optimists in extreme sports may also have a higher risk of injury.

While optimism is an important quality for success in most activities, it’s not necessarily a good thing. There are several studies showing that optimism can have counterproductive effects. For example, studies have shown that the general optimism of children is related to risk of injury. For example, children with high general optimism are more likely to suffer an accident. Optimists are more likely to suffer an injury, but they are more likely to die than pessimists.


Various extreme sports are a good source of fun and adrenaline. They encourage risk-taking, pushing physical and mental boundaries, and practicing core values. While most of these sports are individual, some do involve teamwork. Competing athletes earn respect for overcoming challenges. Interestingly, most thrill seekers are single, and they have no children. This might surprise some people who think these sports are purely for the sake of fun. However, extreme sports are not for everyone.

Although some extreme sports can be dangerous, they are great for adrenaline junkies. Even if you’ve never done any of these extreme sports before, you can still enjoy the thrill! Just remember to push your fear to the back of your mind, and get ready to take on the challenge. You might feel nervous at first, but you’ll likely be glad you did! Some of the more common extreme sports include sky diving. The best part is, you don’t have to be a professional to enjoy the thrill.