Skateboarding is a highly flexible and evolving, extreme sport and outdoor activity. You can ride a skateboard to get from one place to another, but it can be used to perform tricks and maneuvers. As a result, known as styles, skating has several disciplines and categories.
A style is not the look, appearance, or way in which a skateboarder moves across the street. Instead, it defines the type of riding. As a result, the main skateboarding styles are:
1. Freestyle Skateboarding
It’s one of the early forms of skating and usually involves music and choreography. It was initially developed by surfers in the 1950s to mimic the moves performed in the waves when the ocean was flat.
In the 1960s, the discipline embedded maneuvers, dancing, and gymnastics. In the 1970s and 1980s, the style shifted dramatically to ollie-based flip tricks and more creative, fluid, and technical routines. In the 21st century, freestyle skaters morphed into street skateboarding.
2. Vert Skateboarding
It’s one of the most popular disciplines in skateboarding. It started when the 1976 California drought left empty hundreds of swimming pools.
Skaters began to ride down its vertical walls, and from that moment on, the trend never kept gaining new participants, especially with the introduction of half-pipes and quarter-pipes.
Vert skateboarding is fast, eye-catching, radical, and dangerous, i.e., it epitomizes the spirit of the sport.
Vert skaters get airborne and, in the past, were responsible for the closure of many skateparks. Why? Because the number of injuries increased and the insurance costs skyrocketed, make them undesirable hotspots.
3. Street Skateboarding
It’s probably the most participated discipline in skateboarding. Skaters use public areas and urban environments to perform a broad range of maneuvers, tricks, slides, airs, and grinds.
They take advantage of city obstacles like stairs, handrails, walls, benches, drainage ditches, flower beds, bins, and other street furniture to unleash their creativity and technical skills.
4. Park Skateboarding
As skateparks flourished across the world, skaters shifted from the public space to their own arena. A skateboard park has everything a skater needs to develop their talent.
With the advent of half-pipes, ramps, pyramids, and stair sets, riders finally found a place – their stadium – where they could be themselves and share their moves with other fellow skaters.
5. Pool Skateboarding
Pools and bowls were first used by California surfers in the 1970s to spend time when the ocean was flat. But this unusual form of skateboarding stuck and became a respected, hard-to-master skating style that still resembles riding real waves.
6. Cruising or Longboard Skateboarding
It’s skateboarding’s most laid-back style. Equipped with longboard skateboards, riders roll around without too much effort for the pleasure of gliding across long, flat surfaces.
It’s all about enjoying the ride and commuting smoothly from one place to another without the pressure to perform.
7. Downhill or Slide Skateboarding
It’s probably the most dangerous skateboarding style. Whether competing for the fastest time or simply showing off for YouTube, downhill skateboarders often risk their life racing down the mountain and steep roads at 60+ miles per hour.
Skateboarding’s most extreme discipline requires a lot of practice, and the use of safety equipment, including helmets, gloves, knee and elbow pads, and a great dose of luck.
8. Big Air Skateboarding
It’s one of the most recent skateboarding disciplines. It involves a mega ramp, a lot of speed, and acrobatic stunts. X Games popularized big air skaters.
9. Technical Skateboarding
It’s a sub-genre of street skateboarding, but with a sophisticated twist and highly complex tricks and maneuvers. It is generally performed on flat surfaces.
10. Parkour Skateboarding
It’s skateboarding’s real-life gaming style in which skaters set up a list of routes, obstacles, and goals in urban spaces and try to complete them.